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Ansible role that installs shared components of the Pulp 3 services from PyPi or source and provides basic config.

It is a dependency of the service roles pulp_database_config pulp_api, pulp_content, and pulp_workers.

Role Variables#

  • pulp_install_plugins: Required. A nested dictionary of plugins to install & their installation options.

    • Dictionary Key: Required. The pip installable plugin name. This is defined in each plugin's
    • version: Specific release of the plugin to install from PyPI initially, or to upgrade to. If source_dir is set, this has no effect. Note that if the specified release of the plugin is incompatible with pulpcore's version, pulp_installer will fail (and exit the play) before it tries to install or upgrade the plugin. Defaults to nothing, which means the latest release from PyPI will be installed initially, and no upgrades will be performed unless upgrade is set.
    • version and upgrade cannot be used together. Even though a command like pip install --upgrade pulp-file=0.3.0 is valid, the ansible pip module refuses to let you specify version and state=latest (state=latest maps to pip --upgrade, and to our upgrade: true).
    • upgrade: Whether to update/upgrade the plugin to the latest stable release from PyPI. Only affects systems where the plugin is already installed. If source_dir is set, this has no effect and is effectively always true. Mutually exclusive with version. Note that if the latest stable release of the plugin is incompatible with pulpcore's version, pulp_installer will fail (and exit the play) when it goes to upgrade the plugin. Defaults to "false".
    • source_dir: Optional. Absolute path to the plugin source code. If present, plugin will be installed from source in editable mode. Also accepts a pip VCS URL, to (for example) install the main branch.
    • prereq_role: Optional. Name of (or folder path to) Ansible role to run immediately before the venv is created. You will need to download it 1st (with ansible-galaxy.) Needed because many plugins will have OS dependencies in C. See prereq_pip_packages also.
    • collectstatic: Optional. Boolean that specifies if the static files for a plugin should be collected. If set to false the plugin name will be passed as --ignore at collectstatic time.
    • extras: Optional. A list of strings. Each string represents a pip "extra" dependency that the plugin, as a pip package, recognizes. Consult the plugin documentations for available extras. If set to false the plugin name will be passed as --ignore at collectstatic time.
    • Example:
    pulp_install_source: pip
      pulp-one: # plugin name (pulp-ansible, pulp-container, pulp-rpm, ...)
        version: "1.0.1" # specific release (pulp-file-0.3.0)
        upgrade: true # upgrade to the latest stable release from PyPI
        source_dir: "/var/lib/pulp/pulp_three" # path to the plugin source code
        prereq_role: "pulp.pulp_four_role" # role to run immediately before the venv is created
        collectstatic: false
        extras: # list of extra depedencies. Normally seen in pip syntax like "pulp-five[ldap,VitaminC]"
          - ldap
          - VitaminC
        source_dir: "/path/to/source/code/"
        git_url: "https://github..."  # Optional. URL to the git repo from where plugin will be pulled.
        git_revision: "v3.1.1"   # Optional. The specific git branch/tag/commit to be cheked out.
  • pulp_config_dir: Directory which will contain Pulp configuration files. Defaults to "/etc/pulp".

  • pulp_install_dir: Location of a virtual environment for Pulp and its Python dependencies. Defaults to "/usr/local/lib/pulp".
  • pulp_user_home: absolute path for pulp user home. Defaults to "/var/lib/pulp". This variable is also default for "{{ pulp_settings.deploy_root }}, which multiple directories are under. Also, pulp_scripts_dir is placed under it.
  • pulp_certs_dir: Path where to generate or drop the TLS certificates (see pulp_webserver role), the keys for authentication tokens (see pulp_api role), the database fields encryption key (See pulp_database_config role). Also to where the user-provided gpg key for the galaxy-ng collection signing service is placed (see galaxy_post_install role.) Defaults to {{ pulp_config_dir }}/certs, which evaluates by default to /etc/pulp/certs.
  • pulp_scripts_dir: Path to where user-provided scripts (needed by specific plugins) are located. (see galaxy_post_install role.) Defaults to {{ pulp_user_home }}/scripts.
  • pulp_source_dir: Optional. Absolute path to pulpcore source code. If present, pulpcore will be installed from source in editable mode. Also accepts a pip VCS URL, to (for example) install the main branch.
  • pulp_git_url: Optional. URL to the git repository from where pulpcore will be checked out if doesn't exists already on source_dir.

    WARNING when pulp_git_url is defined this role will clone the repo if doesn't already exist in the pulp_source_dir location and also checkout/update to specified pulp_git_revision if provided. In the case of existing local repo with unstaged changes the update will NOT be forced. For development purposes the recommendation is to NOT provide pulp_git_url and manage local branches manually.

  • pulp_git_revision: Optional. The specific git branch/tag/commit to be cheked out if git_url is provided.
  • pulp_user: User that owns and runs Pulp. Defaults to "pulp".
  • pulp_user_id: Integer value of uid for the pulp_user. Defaults to nothing and uid is assigned by the system. NOTE: It is strongly recommended to set this if doing a clustered pulp install with a filesystem shared (NFS) between multiple pulp hosts.
  • pulp_group: The group that the pulp_user belongs to. Defaults to pulp.
  • pulp_group_id: Integer value of gid for the pulp_group. Defaults to nothing and gid is assigned by the system. NOTE: It is strongly recommended to set this if doing a clustered pulp install with a filesystem shared (NFS) between multiple pulp hosts.
  • pulp_extra_groups: Optional. A list of additional group names that the pulp_user should be added to. This is site-specific and defaults to nothing.
  • pulp_use_system_wide_pkgs Use python system-wide packages. Defaults to "false".
  • pulp_remote_user_environ_name Optional. Set the REMOTE_USER_ENVIRON_NAME setting for Pulp. This variable will be set as the value of CONTENT_HOST as the base path to build content URLs.
  • pulp_install_object_storage: The preferred object storage. Defaults to filesystem.
  • pulpcore_update: Boolean that specifies whether the pulpcore package should be updated to the latest bug fix release within the minor release specified by pulpcore_version. Defaults to false.
  • pulp_install_selinux_policies: Whether or not to download & install the SELinux policies. This performs a operation with the git clone command. Accepts True, False or auto. Defaults to auto, which installs when SELinux is enabled (permissive or enforcing.)
  • pulp_selinux_remount_data_dir: Whether or not to remount the pulp data directory /var/lib/pulp, with pulp's SELinux context (label.) This will only occur when the installer detects that /var/lib/pulp is its own mount point, and is listed in /etc/fstab, but cannot handle labels on individual files/folders (and is not already mounted with the context.) Also only occurs when pulp_install_selinux_policies is set to true or auto. Note that this functionality exists because the SELinux label (pulpcore_var_lib_t) does not exist on the system prior to pulp being installed, and certain filesystem types such as NFS cannot have labels on individual files. Defaults to true.

pulp_settings variables#

  • pulp_install_plugins: Required. A nested dictionary of plugins to install & their
  • pulp_settings: A dictionary that is used to add custom values to the user's, which will override any default values set by pulpcore. The keys of this dictionary are variable names, and the values should be expressed using the Dynaconf syntax. Please see pulpcore configuration docs for documentation on all the possible variable names and their values. Listed below are variables that are "Mandatory" as they have no default values, or that cannot be changed after installation (without manually moving files), or that the installer behaves differently based on, or that configure Pulp on how to talk to other servers in a cluster (and are therefore required during installation)). In all 4 cases, the variables cannot or should not merely be specified in after installation.


Scroll to the right to see all the info in the table below.

pulp_settings variable name Mandatory? Can be changed after installation? Default Value (evaluated) Description Notes
content_origin Mandatory
A URL consisting of the protocol and domain/ip/port only (e.g., for how to access the Pulp server/cluster. Specifically, this is the URL to the pulp_content host that clients will access, and that will be appended to in HTTP responses by multiple content plugins. Any load balancers / proxies (such as those in the pulp_webserver role) should normally be specified instead of the pulp content host itself. Syntax is (http\|https)://(hostname\|ip)[:port]. If pulp is installed on a single server, a commonly acceptable value is https://{{ ansible_fqdn }}.
secret_key Mandatory
In order to get a pulp server up and running a Django SECRET_KEY must be provided. It is recommended to make it 50 random characters long from the character set abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789!@#$%^&*(-_=+). Pulp docs have a code snippet to generate it.
databases.default Changeable (See nested variables listed immediately below) A dictionary. Its primary use is by this role, where it configures Pulp on how to talk to the database via a larger set of settings. Its secondary use is by the pulp_database role, where it configures the database server according to a smaller set of settings. The larger set of settings is listed in the Django Docs. The settings that are defaulted to are listed below. See pulpcore docs for more info. These default settings are merged by the installer with your own; merely setting databases.default with 1 setting under it will not blow away all the other default settings.
databases.default.HOST Changeable localhost The hostname or IP address of the Postgres database server (or cluster) to talk to. Change this if pulp_database was applied to a different host, or if accessing an existing postgres server/cluster.
databases.default.ENGINE Changeable django.db.backends.postgresql The database engine to use. Do not change it (there is currently no alternative for talking to PostgreSQL, and Pulp only supports PostgreSQL.)
databases.default.NAME Changeable pulp The name of the Pulp database to access.
databases.default.USER Changeable pulp The user account to authenticate as to access the database.
databases.default.PASSWORD Changeable pulp The user account's password for accessing the database. Please change it to something secure!
cache_enabled Changeable true Whether or not to connect to a redis server to use as a cache.
redis_host Changeable localhost Hostname or IP of the redis server to connect to.
redis_port Changeable 6379 TCP port of the redis server to connect to.
redis_db Changeable The name of the redis database to connect to.
redis_password Changeable Password for connecting to redis.
redis_url Changeable Tells pulp how to connect to redis. If set, the pulp application overrides individual pulp pulp_settings.redis_ settings on how to connect, such as pulp_settings.redis_host and pulp_settings.redis_port. If it is a path to a UNIX domain socket, the pulp_common role will add the {{ pulp_user }} user to the redis group, if that group exists. Thus giving pulp access to the redis UNIX domain socket. Make sure to set the same value as you set for pulp_redis_bind, as documented in pulp_redis. Recommended value for a UNIX domain socket is: unix:/var/run/redis/redis.sock)
content_path_prefix Changeable /pulp/content The URL under which the content will be served. Make sure to append the trailing slash.
static_url /assets/ The subdirectory portion of the URL (e.g., "bar" in "http://foo/bar") under which static content is served by the pulp_api service. See pulp_settings.static_root, this is a component of its default value. Can be changed after installation, but you must set pulp_settings.static_root back to its original evaluated value.
db_encryption_key {{ pulp_certs_dir }}/database_fields.symmetric.key (/etc/pulp/certs/database_fields.symmetric.key) Location on disk for the database fields encryption key The installer generates this key file by default. See pulp_db_fields_key under the pulp_database_config role for how to import a key file instead.
deploy_root {{ pulp_user_home }}
( /var/lib/pulp )
Location on disk where pulp_settings.static_root, pulp_settings.working_directory and pulp_settings.media_root are stored in subdirectories under. Can be changed after installation but you must change all 3 variables back to their original evaluated values.
file_upload_temp_dir {{ pulp_settings.working_directory }}
( /var/lib/pulp/tmp )
The directory to store data to (typically files larger than pulp_settings.file_upload_max_memory_size) temporarily while uploading files This setting actually comes from Django rather than from Pulp.
media_root {{ pulp_settings.deploy_root }}/media
( /var/lib/pulp/media )
Location where Pulp will store files (the content that is served.)
static_root {{ pulp_user_home }}{{ pulp_settings.static_url }}
( /var/lib/pulp/assets/ )
Location on disk of the static content served by the pulpcore-api service.
working_directory {{ pulp_settings.deploy_root }}/tmp
( /var/lib/pulp/tmp )
Location of Pulp cache.
galaxy_collection_signing_service The name of the default galaxy_ng collection signing service to use. Normally set to "ansible-default". See [galaxy_post_install`(../../roles/galaxy_post_install) for the other variables that must also be set.
galaxy_container_signing_service The name of the default galaxy_ng container signing service to use. Normally set to "container-default". See [galaxy_post_install`(../../roles/galaxy_post_install) for the other variables that must also be set.
  • Example:

          content_origin: "https://{{ ansible_fqdn }}"
          secret_key: secret
              HOST: postgres-server
              NAME: pulp
              USER: pulp
              PASSWORD: password
          redis_host: redis-server

Role Variables if installing from RPMs#

Normally, Pulp is installed from Python pip packages (from PyPI.) pulp_installer can install Pulp from RPM packages instead if this variable is set. Other distro packaging formats may work as well:

  • pulp_install_source: Whether to install from "pip" (PyPI, python packages) or the Linux distro's (RPM) "packages". Defaults to "pip".

If it is set to "packages", the installer is in packges mode, which has the following limitations:

  • The packages are only built for CentOS/RHEL 7, CentOS/RHEL/Rocky 8 and CentOS/RHEL/Rocky 9.
  • Not all plugins are available from the default repo. To determine which plugins are available, follow this link, browse to the repo for your Pulp version and distribution, and search for "pulp-".
  • The default repo (from, see pulp_pkg_repo) is not tested for every possible pulpcore usage, and is thus not officially supported by the Foreman project.
  • pulp_installer may install/upgrade to an older minor branch of pulpcore. E.g., if pulp_installer is version 3.9.z, it may install Pulp 3.8 instead. See pulp_pkg_repo.
  • The version of Pulp installed/upgraded to may be changed to the current minor branch during any pulp_installer micro release. E.g., pulp_installer 3.9.0 may install/upgrade to Pulp 3.8, while pulp_installer 3.9.1 may install/upgrade to Pulp 3.9.

Furthermore, the following variables are used, or behave differently from above:

  • pulp_install_plugins: Required A nested dictionary of plugins to install & their installation options.

    • Dictionary Key: Required. The plugin name.
    • pkg_name: If this is left undefined, each Linux distro package will be installed by the name pulp_pkg_name_prefix with the Dictionary Key appended to it. pulp_pkg_name_prefix defaults to "python3-", so if the Dictionary key is "pulp-file", the package python3-pulp-file will be installed. This variable overrides the entire package name.
    • version: Like with pip, a user can specify a specific version of a package one wants installed.
    • Example:
    pulp_install_source: packages
      pulp-zero: # Effectively python3-pulp-zero
        pkg_name: python3-pulp-one-ng
        pkg_name: pulp_two_underscores
        version: 2.2.0
  • pulp_install_dir: Location of the filesystem prefix where package installed python programs (gunicorn & rq) are looked for on the filesystem. Defaults to "/usr" (such as for "/usr/bin/gunicorn").

  • pulp_pkg_name_prefix: The beginning of the Linux distro (RPM) package names for pulp, that is appended to in order to install "pulpcore" and the plugins. Defaults to "python3-".
  • pulp_pkg_pulpcore_name: The entire name of the Linux distro (RPM) package for pulpcore. Defaults to: "python3-pulpcore"
  • pulp_pkg_repo: yum/dnf package repo to add to the system to install Pulp from. Consists simply of the URL to the repo. Does not support any other repo type yet. Defaults to either the corresponding minor branch (3.y) repo from, or an older minor branch. See the limitations above.
  • pulp_pkg_repo_gpgcheck: Whether the package signatures should be checked or not. Defaults to True.
  • pulp_pkg_undeclared_deps: Additional Linux distro (RPM) packages to install before installing pulpcore. See defaults/main.yml for default values.
  • pulp_pkg_upgrade_all: Whether to upgrade all Pulp Linux distro (RPM) packages (including the pulp_pkg_undeclared_deps packages.)
  • pulp_upgraded_manually: Set this to true if you updated/upgraded Pulp manually beforehand, without using the installer. (e.g., you ran yum update and your Pulp installation is broken. Re-running the installer will fix it.) Defaults to false.
  • pulp_pkg_selinux_name: The name of the package containing the SELinux policies to install. See pulp_install_selinux_policies, except git is not used; the package manager is used instead. Defaults to "pulpcore-selinux".
  • pulp_pkg_exclude_from_upgrade: Optional. A list of packages that should be excluded from upgrade (Can be used when pulp_pkg_upgrade_all=true).
  • pulp_pkg_upgrade_repo_name: Optional. yum/dnf package repo to enable during upgrade (Can be used when pulp_pkg_upgrade_all=true).

Role Variables for advanced usage#

  • pulpcore_version: Specify a minor version of pulpcore (e.g.: 3.15) one would like to install or upgrade to. By default the installer will do the right thing by using the minor version of pulpcore it is designed for and tested with. This can also be a specific patch release (e.g.: 3.15.2).
  • pulp_service_timeout: Set timeout value for pulp services. Defaults to 90.
  • galaxy_lock_requirements: If set to 0, when installing the plugin galaxy-ng from a source directory (e.g., cloned via git), unlock the version requirements (i.e., install the latest versions) of its dependency plugins, which are listed in galaxy_dev_source_path. If set to 1, the version constraints that galaxy-ng has for them are preserved. Defaults to 0 if galaxy-ng's git_revision isn't specified or if it is set to "main". Defaults to 1 if galaxy-ng's git_revision is set to any other git commitish (e.g., another branch.)
  • galaxy_dev_source_path: See galaxy_lock_requirements. Defaults to pulpcore:pulp_ansible:pulp_container:galaxy_ng:galaxy-importer.

Shared Variables#

This role always depends on the pulp_repos role. This is not a static dependency, but a dynamic depenedency at runtime which always occurs. Note that pulp_repos has a global variable pulp_repos_enable, which can be set to False to effectively disable the entire pulp_repos role.

This role conditionally (and dynamically) depends on the pulp_rpm_prerequisites role, whenever pulp-rpm is in pulp_install_plugins.

This role conditionally (and dynamically) depends on the galaxy_post_install role, whenever pulp-rpm is in pulp_install_plugins.

  • prereq_pip_packages: A List of additional pip packages to install in the virtual environment before installing pulp or its content plugins. Defaults to a list containing the single item "Jinja2" (which is necessary for pulp_installer to function). Also, a prereq_role may append to it.

  • pulp_settings.databases.default: Documented above in the pulp_settings table as databases.default. This variable is shared with the pulp_database role.

Several other variables are shared with the pulp_webserver role as well. Consult its documentation for more info.

Operating System Variables#

Each currently supported operating system has a matching file in the "vars" directory.


This role is idempotent by default. Idempotency is dependent on these settings remaining false:

  • Every upgrade under pulp_install_plugins
  • pulp_upgraded_manually



Author Information#

Pulp Team

Last update: 2022-09-27