Synchronizing Repositories with the async-Pipeline
To accomplish the steps outlined in Synchronizing in an efficient way, pulp provides a high
level api to construct a pipeline of stages. Those stages work in parallel like an assembly line
using pythons async feature in combination with the asyncio library. Each stage takes
designated content units from an incoming queue of type
asyncio.Queue and performs an
individual task on them before passing them to the outgoing queue that is connected to the next
The anathomy of a stage is that it inherits
pulpcore.plugin.stages.Stage and overwrites
its asynchronous callback
run() it can retrieve incoming declarative content individually via the asynchronous
self.items() or in batches via
It can pass on declarative content with
The sync pipeline is headed by a first_stage, that is supposed to download upstream metadata
and iterate over all upstream content references. For each such reference, it creates a
pulpcore.plugin.stages.DeclarativeContent that contains a prefilled but unsaved instance
of a subclass of
pulpcore.plugin.content.Content, as well as a list of
pulpcore.plugin.stages.DeclarativeArtifact. The latter combine an unsaved instance of
pulpcore.plugin.content.Artifact with a url to retrieve it.
pulpcore.plugin.stages.DeclarativeContent objects, that describe, what a content will
look like when properly downloaded and saved to the database, are passed one by one to the next
The responsibility of providing this first_stage lies completely in the plugins domain, since
this is the part of the pipeline specific to the repository type.
The pulp plugin api provides the following stages which also comprise the default pipeline in the following order:
If the mirror=True optional parameter is passed to DeclarativeVersion the pipeline also runs
pulpcore.plugin.stages.ContentUnassociation at the end.
See On-Demand Support.
Multiple level discovery
Plugins like pulp_deb and pulp_container use content artifacts to enumerate more content.
To support this pattern, the declarative content allows to be associated with a
asyncio.Future, that is resolved when the content reaches the
By awaiting this Future, one can implement an informational back loop into earlier stages.
If you need to drop
pulpcore.plugin.stages.DeclarativeContent prematurely from the
pipeline, you can resolve the content using the function resolve() without handing
the content to the next stage. The function resolve() will unblock the coroutines awaiting the
To improve performance when you expect to create a lot of those futures, consider to create a larger batch before starting to await them. This way the batching in the subsequent stages will still be exploited.
If you need downloaded artifacts of this content for further discovery, make sure to
provide deferred_download=False to the